Area Wide Control Program (AWCP)
Area Wide Control Program (AWCP) - for highly practical and efficient Fruit Fly Control.
AWCP is developed as an integrative system for efficient Fruit Fly Control (FFC) in large areas and, as such, it includes several stages – integrative layers – of action to take place and performed to achieve the required results with high standards of FFC.
How we implement AWCP?
Each subsystem is organized through close collaborations amongst stakeholders including Ecoman Biotech (EB), the local government, the farmers and the local plant protection agencies. EB provides the effective products for monitoring and control, with proper training and technical support. The local governments provide aid fund as incentive for encouraging the farmers joining the scheme. The farmers pay partial cost for the initial control and the local plant protection agents oversee the bait application and evaluate the result.
In order to understand why we need AWCP, we must first need to understand the Fruit Fly (FF) population dynamics.
Understanding the FF population dynamics = Better controlling the fruit fly.
The factors that determine the right time for control of the Fruit Fly are:
After we understand all these complexes about FF dynamics, we can move on to the area of control:
One of the main requirements for an Area Wide Control Program – other than a wide area – is a unified plot, meaning that a FF control program designed for large areas works better and assures positive results when the crops in the plot are of one main crop (i.e. mango), and there aren’t any barriers (such as fences per several acres etc.) within the control area. It doesn't mean that if there are more than one crop type in a given area then an effective FF control can't be achieved - its simply to state that a unified plot is more recommended to handle the FF.
Q: Why is it so important/recommended, for efficient FFC, to have a unified plot with the same crop?
A: Because, in a large area with the same fruit kind the timing and other dynamics of the FF will be measured and known more clearly and much more accurately, resulting in better FF control for the entire area; whereas in a smaller plot, or even a large plot but with too many assorted crops and fruits, it will be much harder to accurately assess and know the control timing of the FF, because different types of FF may come and go from the orchard at different intervals, making it much more difficult to monitor and control.
Q: Why we should have a big area for effective FF control?
A: When we don’t try to control the FF, or trying but ineffectively, the FF population density will be pretty much the same in all areas and probably year-round. The tree density helps to determine the relative amount of FF in different areas which share the same characteristics.
Q: What if we try to do FF control in only a small area, out of a larger area that has all FF infestation?
A: When we use it the first few times, the FF will be killed. But after the first rounds, the other FF will come and will still lay eggs.
Now we can better assess and answer why we need an AWCP for effective FFC: